Babylonian proverbs, Ahiqar's sayings and the Egyptian Tale of the Eloquent Peasant have many passages, identical or nearly identical to those in the book of Job. To argue for historical dependence and a direct relationship between such texts, separated from each other as they are, is more than we can do. Attempting to do so ignores many qualities of our texts and carries us beyond simple questions about whether a particular work may have been original or not. Common bonds of technique, rhetoric, function and sentiment imply a relationship that is well beyond the sharing of phrases, metaphors, motifs and themes, or even entire segments of a story or a song. An intellectual world was shared.